Israeli scientists develop a peptide that could be used in antimicrobial medicines that could hold the key to treating infections in a post-antibiotic era. Reuters
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The genome sequence of wild emmer wheat
was determined by an international group of scientists headed by Dr Assaf Distelfeld.
Wild Emmer wheat is the original form of nearly all the domesticated wheat in the world, including durum (pasta) and bread wheat. Wild emmer is too low-yielding to be of use to farmers today, but it contains many attractive characteristics that are being used by plant breeders to improve wheat.Read more >
A unique antibiotic that can kill bacteria that are resistant to conventional antibacterials without damaging the cells that store them has been developed by scientists at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. The pioneering study was carried out by Dr. Zvi Hayouka and colleagues.Read more >
Prof. Ron Ofri discovered natural day-blindness in sheep and together with colleagues developed a genetic treatment for a similar type of day-blindness in humans. Prof. Ofri recently received a prize for his research from the Hebrew University. Nature published a "Careers" feature on Prof. Ofri in the May 25th issue.
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"In first-of-its-kind research, a 10-member international team of scientists, led by Maor Matzrafi of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Ittai Herrmann from Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, and UC Davis agricultural entomologist Christian Nansen, used hyperspectral technologies to successfully predict the viability of the weed seeds and herbicide response. The research, published in the current edition of Frontiers of Plant Science, (here) offers growers of cotton, soybean, corn, watermelon and other crops a new tool in their toolbox to thwart the growth of the herbicide-resistant Palmer amaranth, a fast-growing and highly aggressive weed which cripples crop yields."Read more >
Hebrew University researchers remotely detect buried landmines, using fluorescent bacteria encased in polymeric beads, illuminated by a laser-based scanning system. Prof. Amos Nussinovitch of the Institute of Biochemistry created the polymeric beads encapsulating the baterial detectors.Read more >
62% of school-age children and 85% of pregnant women in Israel have low iodine intakes, according to the country's first national iodine survey. Government funding and legislation, and a government-regulated program of salt or food iodization, are essential to reducing the deficiency, which poses a high risk of impaired neurological development.Read more >
Faculty researchers Eyal Ert, Aliza Fleischer and Nathan Magen had 600 people rate photos of Airbnb hosts in Stockholm. They found that being attractive upped the price people were willing to pay for a room, especially for female hosts.Read more >
Limiting carbs to dinner-time increases satiety, reduces risk for diabetes and cardiovascular disease.
An experimental diet with carbohydrates eaten mostly at dinner could benefit people suffering from severe and morbid obesity, according to new research at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
The diet influences secretion patters of hormones responsible for hunger and satiety, as well as hormones associated with metabolic syndrome.Read more >