Agriculture in the Middle East has much in common with agriculture in other parts of the world, but with many distinct characteristics. The same can be said about the pests in this region. Some have originated or are found in other parts of the world, whereas others are endemic to the Middle East. Considerable information of the different pest species, their relative importance, and on measures taken to control them, has accumulated in this region, with agriculture intensifying and changing its focus. Understanding pest-plant and pest-pest interactions in the agro-ecosystems in this region, and their effects on specific crops, is essential for maintaining good agricultural practices and balancing the needs of the agricultural community with the demands of the general public, from both economic and environmental points of view.
PPME is intended for undergraduate and postgraduate students in agriculture, or researchers in plant protection, and is also suitable for extension workers, informed farmers and non-professional readers who are interested in the subject. More information is available in the websites appended to most pest chapters. To assist the reader, "highlighted" terms and concepts are summarized in the glossary.